Molecular data on vectors and reservoir hosts of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in central Iran


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نام مجله:
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سال نشر:
2008
شماره مجله:
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صفحات:
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DOI:
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لينك ها:
  
چكيده

Due to the increasing number of positive cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis with occurrence of new foci, a study was carried out to investigate onvectors and reservoirs of the disease in the Shahrood district, central Iran during 2005-2006. Sandflies and rodents were collected using sticky papers and Sherman live traps respectively More than 1700 sandflies were collected and identified, mainly Phlebotomus papatasi species. RAPD-PCR analysis of sandflies showed that 10% of P. papatasi and 4.2% of P. caucasicus were naturally infected with Leishmania major. Two species of rodents, potential reservoirs, Rhombomys opimus (92.5%) and Nesokia indica (7.5%) were trapped in the district. Microscopy identification from rodents confirmed that 91.9% of the Rhombomys opimus were positive to amastigotes. Species identification of isolated parasites revealed Leishmania major DNA in the infected Rhombomys using RAPD-PCR technique. This epidemiological data highlight the importance of the disease in the region and could help people involved in control programs.

کلیه حقوق این وب سایت متعلق به دانشگاه علوم پزشکی و خدمات بهداشتی درمانی شاهرود می باشد